Sunday, February 23, 2014

The 'Balance' Factor Again

The Balance factor has again come to my mind. It may be any problem you face in your life, it is this balance factor which will help you to solve it without a compromise. If an approach is at any extremes, it will never survive the tides of change. Too strict or too lenient towards your employee will hamper the productivity. You can neither accept nor reject everything from your employer which will put you in depression or bring you a pink slip. You know the balance to handle your child. Unless it is a balanced approach, he/she will become notorious.

Sunday, December 1, 2013

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam: Important Areas From Where Questions Are Frequently Asked: A General Analysis


I assume that you are familiar with Civil Services Preliminary Exam syllabus and you are not new to the preparation. If you are a newbie, please intimate me for a separate post.

I have done a general analysis on the last four year question papers of UPSC civil services preliminary exam. The results are here and if you are preparing for civil services preliminary exam please don’t miss these areas.

  1. Indian Polity:
    1. Preamble of the constitution, fundamental rights, directive principles of state policy, Fundamental Duties, Funds
    2. Finance Commission, CAG, Lok Adalat
    3. Recent Amendments and Bills
    4. Inclusive Governance, Consumer protection, CAT, Representation of People Act, Judiciary, Civil Services, Election Commission and its powers.
    5. 73rd and 74th Amendment, Election to Panchayat, Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled) Areas act 1996
    6. Commission and committees on any public policy

  1. Geography
    1. Biosphere reserves, national parks and related information
    2. Rivers
    3. Resources and available areas around the world
    4. Species and biodiversity of Himalayas
    5. Climate, forest and vegetation of the world.
    6. Ramsar sites
    7. Food Crops, its types and cultivated areas, irrigation (NCERT)
    8. Ocean currents, La Nina, El Nino
    9. About phytoplanktons
    10. Science related to biodiversity and affected organisms
    11. Asteroids, comets and solar system
    12. About kharif, rabi and other crops and cereals.
    13. World Map – a glance for a day. One question might come
    14. NCERT – 11th and 12th – 4 books compulsory
  2. Environment
    1. Biodiversity hot spots and their significance. Species of Himalayas and other hotspots. Food Chain. Threatened species – refer ministry website
    2. Climate change talks, Rio summit, Clean Development Mechanism, Kyoto Protocol, Montreal Protocol, Carbon Credit, Cartagena Protocol and other international conventions
    3. Bio-fuel, bio-pesticide, bio-mass, bio-diesel, bio-fertilizer. Learn All bio-*
    4. Water, its sanity and purification. Its related programmes
    5. Soil conservation and erosion
    6. Persistent Organic Pollutants
    7. About pollutants and toxic substances which harm human.
    8. Red Data Book
    9.  Convention on Biological Diversity and National Biodiversity Act
    10. Global Warming – causes and problems
    11. Environment related problems and applications in NCERT 11th and 12th Biology Book

  1. Economic Development:
    1. All government schemes and acts for women, children, SC/ST, differently-abled and minorities. BPL. Refer ministry reports
    2. Inclusive Growth
    3. NBFCs, Commercial Banks, Regional Rural Banks and cooperatives – Differences
    4. RBI role and responsibilities
    5. Finance Commission
    6. IMF, World Bank
    7. Inflation and deflation  - cause and effect
    8. Money value– basics (NCERT) – practical questions
    9. FDI and FII  - Differences
    10. Disinvestment
    11. GDP and its fluctuations, National Income
    12. Current Account Deficit, Balance Of Payments
    13. Direct and Indirect Taxes
    14. Five Year Plans
    15. HDI
    16. Demographic Dividend (Very Important)
    17. Economic Survey – have a glance and understand the tables in it
    18. 6th to 12th NCERT compulsory

  1. Science
    1. It is a myth that UPSC will not ask questions from 11th and 12th science books. Past years it has asked questions from NCERT 11th and 12th science books (physics, biology etc)
    2. Don’t need to read the complete 11th and 12th physics, chemistry and biology books. Just read the important applications useful for human development and welfare. Scan through all the important information given in boxes
    3. Any news about scientific innovations, Nobel Prize. For 2014, question might be asked on the contribution of the famous scientist CNR Rao.
    4. Application related to spectrum, Doppler effect, electromagnetic waves and science which helps human directly
    5. Environmental science which helps human
    6. Space science
    7. Radio frequency
    8. Day to day science like Bluetooth, 3G and other technical terms
    9. Environment friendly technologies
    10. Nuclear energy
    11. Pollutants like lead, arsenic, etc
    12. In general questions will be based on human and environmental development. Anything which impacts this should be thoroughly learnt for the exam

  1. History
    1. Indus Valley Civilization, Buddhism and Jainism, Vedic Age
    2. Modern History – Rowlatt Act, Simon Commission, Cripps Mission, August Offer, Non-cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement, Govt of India Acts
    3. Anyways full Modern India (NCERT) is Compulsory

  1. Others
    1. International Bodies like United Nations
    2. Newspaper Reading



I hope this analysis will help you in your preparations. In the upcoming post, I will be coming with the 2013 preliminary exam question paper and the source of its answers.